Map representing the losses over time of French army troops during the Russian campaign, 1812-1813. Constructed by Charles Joseph Minard, Inspector General of Piblic Works retired.
Paris, 20 November 1869

The number of men present at any given time is represented by the width of the yellow line; one pt indicates ten thousand men. Figures are also written besides lines. Yellow designates men moving into Russia; brown for those leaving. Sources for the data are works of messrs. Thiers, Segur, Fezensac, Chambray and the unpublished diary of Jacob, who became an Army Pharmacist on 28 October. In order to visualize the army?s losses more clearly, I have drawn this as if the units under prince Jerome and Marshall Davoust (temporarily separated from the main body to go to Minsk and Mikilow, which then jointed up with the main army again), had stayed with the army throughout.
Один из примеров удачного визуального представления данных был продемонстрирован французским инженером Шарлем Минаром во время похода Наполеона на Москву