Open Systems. DBMS, 2014, Volume 22, Number 2COVER FEATURES

The Fourth Revolution of Mind
The advent of augmented reality, mobility and context-aware computing has created an opportunity for automating workplaces and production processes that previously couldn't be automated. In the information space, those trends herald a new revolution that is capable of bringing changes to human mind itself.
Leonid Chernyak (, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Open Systems. DBMS

Today’s Mobile Security Requires a New Approach
Companies are looking for new ways to secure their data and networks now that many employees are using their own mobile devices in the workplace.
Neal Leavitt (, president, Leavitt Communications

Mobile Broker
Mobile apps create a serious threat of disrupting the stability of corporate IT infrastructure. In particular, active business «mobilization» requires efficient integration of the apps with existing systems. A transition to a four-tier architecture that includes middleware platforms deployed in the cloud to connect mobile apps with corporate IT environment allows both creating a full-fledged workplace for mobile employees and overseeing their productivity.
Natalya Dubova (, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Open Systems. DBMS

Cloud-Based Execution to Improve Mobile Application Energy Efficiency
Cloud offloading — a popular energy optimization technique — executes a mobile application's energy-intensive functionality via a cloud-based server. To maximize efficiency, systems must determine the functionality to offload at runtime, which will require innovation in both automated program transformation and systematic runtime adaptation.
Kwon Young-Woo (, Graduate Research Assistant, Virginia Tech

Cyberphysical Systems: Ready to Go
Developed nations see cyberphysical systems as a priority innovation critical for guarding national interests. Such systems could allow breaking the dependency on cheap labor countries and bringing back real self-sufficiency to the leading nations. Computers have been influencing all human life aspects related to information whereas cyberphysical systems will change everything else.
Leonid Chernyak (, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Open Systems. DBMS

Trade In for Data Storage Systems
The trade in principle widely used for car sales is still relatively rare in IT industry to say nothing of the data storage systems market. The sales scheme, however, could benefit both users and vendors; this can be seen e.g. through the example of migration from tape to EMC Data Domain disk libraries.
Vladimir Kolganov (, business manager, data storage systems, Computer Systems Department, Croc

«The Big» Security
Big data is used ever wider, bringing over the issue of protecting both the processing technology and the information that is processed. Unfortunately, the classic security triad — confidentiality, integrity, availability — is not applicable to huge data flows, so traditional security technology may turn out to be inefficient for big data.
Valeriy Korzhov (, staff writer, Computerworld Russia

Mobile Ecosystems
Mobile Ecosystems have been related to products, or to a community of developers around a product as giving certain advantages to the platform owners and participants of the ecosystem. The paper answers the questions — what are the existing approaches to building mobile ecosystems, who are the participants and what are their benefits?
Sergey Avdoshin (, chair, department of software development management; Yelena Pesotskaya (, assistant professor, department of software development management, Higher School of Economics

Applying KISS to Healthcare Information Technology
Current public and private healthcare information technology initiatives have failed to achieve secure integration among providers. Applying the «keep it simple, stupid» principle offers key guidance for solving this problem.
Regina Herzlinger (, Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School; Margo Seltzer (, Professor of Computer Science, Harvard University; Mark Gaynor (, associate professor, Saint Louis University

Taking Control of Your Engineering Tools
The authors’ experience moving development tools to the cloud highlights the importance of six key principles for a modern cloud-based engineering system: determinism and idempotence, environment independence, consistency, composability and self-description, scalability, and measurability and control.
Chandra Prasad (, principal development manager, Tools for Software Engineers Group, Microsoft.; Wolfram Schulte (, engineering general manager, principal researcher, Microsoft.

IT Swarm Intelligence
There is a non-obvious relation between two such distant, at the first sight, concepts as parallel architectures and natural phenomena modeling algorithms. Taken together, meanwhile, it is those concepts that will shape the future of IT. The architectures speed up the algorithms, while the latter offer the means to create efficient management architectures.
Leonid Chernyak (, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Open Systems. DBMS

The Human and Ethical Aspects of Big Data
As software professionals, it isn’t enough to simply «do no evil». Rather, our calling is to do that which brings the most good. However, that’s not at all easy, and it is a calling that each of us must face, individually and corporately.
Grady Booch (, IBM Fellow and one of the UML’s original authors.

Computer Architecture and Amdahl's Law
An autobiographical overview of Gene Amdahl's professional career reviews his early achievements and describes for the first time some important details of his talk at the 1967 Spring Joint Computer Conference in Atlantic City and the heated discussions that followed. The author provides much-needed clarifications, most notably his original performance formula as presented nearly 50 years ago.
Gene M. Amdahl, entrepreneur

OS ACADEMY. Workshop
Databases for Social Networks
Social network sites need to work with huge data amounts in real time, which requires using databases capable of handling those kinds of tasks. One of the possible options is graph databases.
Alexander Alexiyants (, research assistant; Anton Korshunov (, junior scientist; Sergey D. Kuznetsov (, lead scientist, Institute for System Programming, Russian Academy of Science

Lawful Living
The December issue of Computer Magazine (IEEE Computer Society, Vol. 46, No. 12, 2013) covers the topic of various computer laws.
Sergey D. Kuznetsov (, Professor, Moscow State University